Jōdō or jōjutsu, meaning "the way of the short staff", is a Japanese martial art using short staffs called jō. The art is similar to Bojutsu, and is strongly focused upon defense against the Japanese sword. The jō is a short staff, usually about 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 m) long, about the average length of a walking stick. However, the art was not used, as one might expect, by travelers to ward off aggressive bandits or swordsmen. According to the legend the martial art of jōdō was developed by the samurai Muso Gonnosuke after a defeat against Mushashi Miyamoto and fought him again with it. Some say Miyamoto was defeated by Muso, some say the fight ended in a draw.
"Jojutsu is the Japanese art of the short staff. It was first used by Muso Gonnosuke in the early 1600's after his loss to the swordsman, Miyamato Musashi, while using a long staff of 6 feet. With assistance from Master Bo' Rai Cho, he subsequently developed a style with a shorter staff of 4 feet. Although he beat Musashi in a second duel, he was later defeated in his first Mortal Kombat tournament. Gonnosuke's soul was consumed by the sorcerer Shang Tsung."